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CHARLES W. SQUIRES: THE BOY OFFICER OF THE WASHINGTON ARTILLERY "Charles W. Squires [of New Orleans] began his career with the Washington Artillery at age 19 as the 1st Company’s First Lieutenant. Squires, along with three hundred other members of the battalion was sworn into service of the Confederate States “for the duration of the war” on May 26, 1861 in Lafayette square, New Orleans. The Washington Artillery quickly traveled by train to Richmond, Virginia arriving on June 4th to complete its organization and equipping itself for war. The 1st Company participated in all c... actions that involved the Washington Artillery beginning with first Battle of Manassas. Lieutenant Squires commanded seven guns of the Washington Artillery guns in action on July 18th at Blackburn’s Ford. He was promoted to Captain in September 1861 after the original commander of 1st Company resigned. By the time of the first Battle of Fredericksburg, Squires battery was armed with two 3-inch Ordinance rifles and one 10-Pound Parrott rifle. It was the only rifled battery in the Washington Artillery battalion. All other companies or batteries of the Washington Artillery were armed with either 12-pound Napoleons or a combination of Napoleons and 12-pound Howitzers. Following the December battle, for an unspecified reason, the 1st Company lost its 10-pound Parrott rifle reducing it to the two 3-inch rifles with which they fought the second battle of Fredericksburg during the Chancellorsville Campaign. This reduction may have occurred during the second major reorganization of Confederate artillery, which happened by special order signed by General Lee on 16 April 1863. William Miller Owen, in his piece on the Washington Artillery published in Century Magazine in 1884 and compiled in Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, provides us with several items of information useful in positioning Squires Battery for both Fredericksburg battles. “…[T]wo 3-inch rifle-guns of the 1st Company, under Captain Squires and Lieutenant Brown, on the left, next to a little brick-house and in front of the Welford [Willis] graveyard, and one 10-pounderParrott rifle under Lieutenant Galbraith, of the 1st Company next to the Plank road [old Orange Turnpike, now Hanover Street] leading into Fredericksburg.” In his book on the Washington Artillery published in 1885, Owen modified the placement of the guns stating that one of the 3-inch rifles was on the Plank road while the 10-pound Parrott rifle joined the other 3-inch rifle adjacent to the small brick house. For reasons of ammunition supply during an engagement, I favor keeping the two 3-inch rifles in the same location. The second piece of information relates to the work the artillerists did upon reaching their assigned gun pits. “For the first time our army will fight behind dirt.” “On “Marye’s” the engineers have laid out works for three of our batteries, en barbette, — that is, with the work only as high as a man’s breast, or as the muzzle of a cannon, — but we improve upon their work by raising the earth higher, and arranging embrasures to fire through. The engineers say we spoil their work, as we not they, have to stand here in case Burnside comes across, they will remain as we have altered them.” "As the position is enfiladed by the enemy’s batteries at Falmouth, strong traverses are built to protect us from a flank fire.” Check out Peter Glyer's photo-analysis at: Image from a hand-tinted cdv by New Orleans photographer L. I. Prince, courtesy of eBay seller generallee292, who identified him as Captain Charles W. Squires, Louisiana Washington Artillery Cdv of Lieutenant Colonel Squires created sometime after the end of the Civil War (courtesy of Peter Glyer,

8 hours ago

These might be my favorite reindeer of all..... ... See MoreSee Less

2 days ago

These might be my favorite reindeer of all.....

Burnside Bridge with the witness tree (the tall one on the right). So amazing. ... See MoreSee Less

4 days ago

Burnside Bridge with the witness tree (the tall one on the right). So amazing.